Xu Ziyang, President of ZTE: Root down, grow in the sun, and build a digital rainforest

Xu Ziyang, President of ZTE: Root down, grow in the sun, and build a digital rainforest

On February 23, the opening ceremony of Mobile World Congress Shanghai was officially held at the Shanghai New International Expo Center. Xu Ziyang, President of ZTE, attended and delivered a keynote speech entitled “Rooted Down, Grows in the Sun”.

Xu Ziyang pointed out that at present, 5G is still in the introduction stage, and the challenges of “deterministic technology” and “uncertain business” coexist. The challenges of “deterministic technology” include the ultimate user experience, network cost reduction and efficiency improvement, and special capability requirements of the industry. We advocate rooting down with ingenuity, continuous innovation and breakthrough, and creating value. The challenge of “uncertain business” mainly refers to the scale, monetization, business model and so on of industry applications. In this regard, we advocate building “agile” cloud network capabilities to better support light innovation and rapid iteration. At the same time, we also advocate open cooperation between industry and ecological partners to establish a deeper level of atomic capabilities and grow together.

– Full text of speech –

The longest-lived grass on the grassland is Sharp thatch. It is thin and short when it first germinates, and in the first half of the year, the stem is only about an inch, but its roots go deep into the ground for more than ten meters, and spread wildly around. , absorb nutrients, store energy, and are ready to go. Once it rains, it can grow to about two meters in three to five days. The topic of my speech today is “Root Down, Grow in the Sun”, build a digital tropical rainforest, and achieve symbiosis, common wisdom and win-win results. In fact, I want to share the innovation, practice and thinking of ZTE in the past period of time, and advocate that during the 5G introduction period, everyone should work together to create a better future.

The wave of digital intelligence is coming

The past 2020 can be described as “extraordinary”. The sudden outbreak of the epidemic and the unpredictable global political and economic situation seem to disrupt the rhythm of the original 5G global deployment. pace, especially China. Anti-epidemic technology has become a bright color in those gloomy days.

For consumers, the epidemic has also changed the way of life and work to a large extent. Our demand for ICT services has become more indispensable like air, water and electricity. For enterprises, digital and intelligent transformation is not limited to reducing costs and improving efficiency, but to make enterprises more agile and intelligent, so as to better cope with uncertainties from the outside world, market, technology, etc.

After nearly two years of 5G commercial practice, 5G is still in the introduction stage, but the wave of digital intelligence has become irresistible. We still maintain the judgment that this stage of development will still face the coexistence of “deterministic technology” challenges and “uncertain business” challenges. The challenges of “deterministic technology” include the continuous cost reduction and efficiency improvement of 5G networks, the special capability requirements of different applications in the industry, etc. These issues are relatively clear. The “uncertainty business” challenge mainly refers to a series of issues that are not yet fully clarified, such as the scale, monetization, and business models of innovative applications in the industry.

Take root in certainty and pursue the ultimate

For deterministic technical challenges, we advocate rooting down and pursuing the ultimate. First, in combination with the pace of market advancement, let’s take a look at the trend of cloud network capability evolution.

The first stage can be understood as the 1-3 years in the initial stage of 5G network deployment. In this stage, “convergence and efficiency improvement” is the focus, and higher resource efficiency is achieved through multi-frequency and multi-standard, large bandwidth and high power, DSS, etc.; New materials, new processes and AI continue to save energy and reduce consumption. Uplink enhancement, edge deployment, and multi-cloud collaboration help to explore and expand the industry market. The second stage focuses on “intelligent openness”. With the increase of 5G network load, AI will be more comprehensively applied, the architecture will be further open and decoupled, edge cloud and industry applications will be fully rolled out, which promotes the deep integration of cloud and network, and at the same time millimeter wave, etc. Applications such as greater bandwidth and uRLLC are also starting to expand. In the third stage, with the popularization of applications, more requirements for cloud network capabilities are put forward, and the evolution to next-generation technologies is initiated. Ultra-large-scale antennas, terahertz, 3D links, and AI native have begun to emerge.

For the first aspect of “rooting down”, we advocate continuous innovation and breakthroughs focusing on the ultimate customer experience. Whether for the To C or ToB market, the fundamental of market success is to let end customers feel a truly differentiated experience compared to the previous cloud network capabilities.

For example, for consumers, the Massive MIMO broadcast beam SSB 1+X solution can further improve the vertical coverage of complex scenarios by 30%; eDAS, based on the old DAS system, realizes uplink/downlink multi-stream MIMO transmission through software, which is low-cost. Realize indoor 5G experience; Doppler frequency shift compensation technology can ensure customer experience in high-speed environments such as high-speed rails and airplanes; and the new “Four Views” for families also enable home users to enjoy the immersive experience of the stadium or concert .

For industrial applications, both 5G uplink enhancements and low-latency PONs can provide better access means, supplemented by end-to-end deterministic guarantees and slice enhancements, greater bandwidth, lower latency, and Better reliability guarantees better support for enterprise applications, especially OT (production) domain application expansion.

Second, we advocate the continuous pursuit of ultimate efficiency. The ultimate efficiency includes the ultimate spectrum efficiency, the ultimate energy efficiency, and the ultimate network operation efficiency, which are crucial for operators to reduce costs and improve efficiency, as well as sustainable development.

For example: MU-MIMO dedicated to higher capacity; Cloud Radio dedicated to lower interference; SuperDSS capable of supporting 2/3/4/5G full-mode spectrum dynamic sharing; single-wavelength 800G OTN supporting higher spectral efficiency; AIVO It focuses on improving efficiency through the introduction of AI in all stages of planning, construction, maintenance and optimization; PowerPilot achieves site-level and refined power saving by introducing big data and AI applications. After the 5G network load is increased, it can also identify services and analyze the energy efficiency ratio of services in real time. Through in-depth coordination between frequencies and standards, a better energy efficiency ratio of the entire network can be achieved without affecting the user experience.

The ultimate hard core underlying capabilities are the foundation for continuous innovation for “extreme experience” and “extreme efficiency”. In terms of chip design, advanced manufacturing process, advanced packaging and better software and hardware co-design will help us break through the bottleneck of Moore’s Law failure. The core competitiveness of capabilities in chips; algorithms are the soul of software and the key to improving software quality and efficiency. We will focus on high cohesion at the basic layer, the network layer will focus on the ultimate commercial experience, the service layer will focus on feature optimization, and continue to enrich and strengthening the AI ​​algorithm library; if the chips and algorithms are continuously improved, then the architecture can bring revolutionary progress. We will continue to deepen the multi-dimensional decoupling, promote the micro-service architecture on a larger scale, truly realize data-driven, and provide AI Native evolution.

Build agility in uncertainty and grow in the sun

For various uncertainties in industry market development, we advocate building “agility”, that is, to promote digital and intelligent transformation for industry customers. We can provide such a cloud network capability: supporting low-cost innovation, rapid trial and error iteration, one-point Successful and rapid replication; at the same time, we also hope that industry and ecological partners can better open and cooperate to grow together.

For industry expansion, we advocate value-driven, focus on scenarios, and “make things EASIER”. Through heterogeneous homologous and cloud-native software design, application elasticity, sensorless migration and flexible combination are realized, namely “Elastic”; through lightweight software and hardware design, it supports computing power, agile innovation, rapid iteration and replication, namely “Agile”; build a higher-standard security guarantee through the endogenous security of zero trust, namely “Secure”; realize data-driven and continuous iterative optimization of algorithms through ubiquitous AI; simpler and faster deployment and maintenance methods allow customers to be more “Easy”; better delay certainty and resource certainty are guaranteed through TSN and small-grain hard slicing, that is, “Reliable”.

In the world of martial arts, only fast is not broken. “Agility” is the core of coping with uncertainty. The premise of agility is lightness, that is, light weight and flexibility. At the same time, due to the in-depth expansion of industry applications to OT (production domain), the edge will become an innovation incubation and innovation platform. The main battlefield of the application. In terms of agile edge deployment support: at the hardware level, from on-site gateways, embedded boards, integrated cabinets to resource pools of a full range of servers, starting with light weight and expanding on demand; at the software level, the TCF cloud base uses lightweight, Neo hardware Acceleration, dual-core, etc. will further strengthen the technical service layer and activate the computing power of the entire network. Software and hardware collaboration enables flexible deployment of Anywhere, Anysize, and Anyservice, and agile innovation.

To deal with uncertainty, rapid iteration is also required, and global strengthening and coordination are also required. Here, we propose “full decoupling”, “double loop” and “deep optimization”.

“Full decoupling” hopes to further deepen decoupling from the perspective of the cloud. The deepening of horizontal decoupling is reflected in the componentization of small particles, and the vertical decoupling focuses on further decoupling the technical service layer and general business layer of the PaaS layer. Based on this, a “dual cycle” can be built. On the one hand, the technical service layer and the underlying resource cycle are optimized to continuously improve the efficiency of infrastructure resources and the synergy efficiency of upper-layer applications, so as to better ensure the application effect of resource-constrained edge scenarios; On the one hand, the general business layer can innovate and iterate with the scenario application. The low-code architecture of the general business layer can empower the upper-layer business development upwards, while the scenario application can realize the precipitation and optimization of the core business logic and algorithms downwards, to a certain extent. to resolve the conflict between customization and scale. “Deep optimization” focuses on multi-modal integration, reduces ineffective redundancy overhead, and achieves the best efficiency of infrastructure in different types of applications by customizing general-purpose hardware.

Constructing Digital Intelligence Tropical Rainforest Symbiosis, Co-Intelligence and Win-win

Tropical rainforest is the most resistant and stable ecosystem on earth. In the 5G era, I also hope to advocate colleagues in the industry to take root and grow in the sun. At the same time, they can work together to build a digital tropical rainforest and realize symbiosis, symbiosis and common wisdom. win.

In the uncertainty, everyone needs to stay warm, and the industry and ecology need more detailed professional coordination. We advocate the openness of atomic capabilities, strong links, efficient collaboration, and the construction of a digital and intelligent tropical rainforest to achieve symbiosis, mutual intelligence and win-win results. In the decade of mobile communication, ZTE has also consistently worked with the industry and industry partners to change lives, change society, and promote the progress and development of global science and technology through unremitting efforts and innovations. Whether in underlying capabilities such as chips, databases, operating systems, end-to-end ICT product capabilities in wired, wireless, computing power facilities and terminals, component capabilities such as AI, data, and video, and 5G application innovation, ZTE is committed to Willing to open its various atomic capabilities to industry and ecological partners. Last year, we even put forward the self-positioning of “digital economy road builder”, insisting on doing the hardest and most difficult things, aiming to inject the heart of 5G into the world.

This year is the Chinese Year of the Ox, and the ox represents tenacity and perseverance. ZTE will insist on taking one step at a time, integrating knowledge and action, and keeping words, faith and deeds. I also firmly believe that with the joint efforts of the entire industry, we will definitely be stronger than the difficulties and challenges we face. thank you all!

  

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